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Encyclopedia of Historic Masonry Restoration

Wardman style architecture

The Wardman style of architecture is one of the classic historic types of building and architectural styles in Capitol Hill and other historic neighborhoods of Washington DC such as Dupont Circle in Georgetown. The Wardman architecture is considered to be a simple yet effective construction… Read More »Wardman style architecture

Water and leak trails

Water or leak trails are visual signs of leakage or imprproper or unintended water diversion where rain or precipitation or other water intrusion runs in a pathway across a material surface. Generally, over a period of time when water runs, wicks, or leaks into an… Read More »Water and leak trails


Waterproofing is a roll, trowel, brush, or spray applied impermeable membrane.  Waterproofing applications are normally a part of a collection of parts and applications which only work together to create a waterproofing system.

Wood deck

Wooden decks are common at the rear of homes throughout America. Essentially wooden decks, such as the one in the picture below are a good added living space,  sharing indoor and outdoor qualities without having to go to the downstairs or to the lowest level.… Read More »Wood deck

Wood refinishing

In woodworking and the decorative arts, refinishing refers to the act of repairing or reapplying the wood finishing on an object. In practice, this may apply to the paint or wood finish top coat, lacquer or varnish. The artisan or restorer is traditionally aiming for… Read More »Wood refinishing

Wood sheathing, historic

In historic times, buildings were sheathed with natural wood on top of wood frames, as opposed to the plywood and OSB sheathing common today.

Wood trims and mouldings

Wood trims and mouldings are used to dress and conceal rough edges of edges of joints and perimeters of floors, walls, ceilings and building surfaces. Historically, moldings have been made of different materials. Plaster and plaster, cement renderings, and even and concrete were used in… Read More »Wood trims and mouldings

Wythe of brick

In the photo below, you can see a double-wythe brick wall cut right down the middle. So, what is a wythe? says EtymologyEdit Middle English from Old English withthe(“withe”) A wythe of brick is a single vertical assembly of units.  In this case, and typical with above grade… Read More »Wythe of brick