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Encyclopedia of Historic Masonry Restoration

Facade, building

A building facade is just the exterior face of the building, and the word ‘facade‘ is used as an architectural term to describe the presentation of the building exterior. The photo below shows the common “Washington Row“ home in Washington, DC from the front exterior. … Read More »Facade, building

Fire escape stairways

Building access fire escape stairways are classic historic elements that make a city feel like a city.  Fire escapes aren’t always pretty but they are icons of progress towards safety in the densely populated cities of the east coast of America.  Fire escapes exist in… Read More »Fire escape stairways

Fire-cut joist

In historic instruction, wooden floor joys are set into mortgage pockets in the structural brick demising walls. Unlike current contemporary California framing, in historic times, since the structural load of the floor was transferred to the it brick walls, the the wooden joys were cut… Read More »Fire-cut joist

Flatwork, concrete

Concrete flat work is built on the ground or on relatively shallow footings just below ground so that there is exposed concrete at a near grade level.  Common examples of concrete flatwork include sidewalks, walkways, driveways, laneways, curbs, patios, parking areas, and even short steps… Read More »Flatwork, concrete

Floor flange

A floor flange is a fitting used to secure pipe work or steel rods to floors, wall, ceiling surfaces.  Although the term floor Flash indicates the part can only be used to attach the floors, the parts are commonly used to attach to multiple types… Read More »Floor flange

Freize, architectural

An architectural freize is a horizontal band used as an adornment or embellishment in a facade or wall construction. The photo below shows a tan color horizontal freeze at the national building museum in Washington DC. This architectural freeze is is carved and sculpted to… Read More »Freize, architectural